FairSustainability – SDG12 Responsible Consumption and Production
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SDG12 Responsible Consumption and Production

It is time to rethink how we grow, share and consume our food. If done right, agriculture, forestry and fisheries can provide nutritious food for all and generate decent incomes, while supporting people-centered rural development and protecting the environment.

A profound change of the global food and agriculture system is needed. Together, we can make a difference for everyone.


End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture

Right now, our soils, freshwater, oceans, forests and biodiversity are being rapidly degraded. Climate change is putting even more pressure on the resources we depend on, increasing risks associated with disasters, such as droughts and floods.

Many rural women and men can no longer make ends meet on their land, forcing them to migrate to cities in search of opportunities. Poor food security is also causing millions of children to be stunted, or too short for the ages, due to severe malnutrition.

One in nine people in the world today (815 million) are undernourished. These people are then more susceptible to disease and less likely to be productive and improve their livelihoods. Additionally, our forests, oceans, freshwater, soils, and biodiversity are being rapidly degraded. Climate change is putting even more pressure on the resources we depend on, increasing risks such as droughts and floods.

  • Hungry people by region in 2015 est.
    • Asia: 511.7 million
    • Africa: 232.5 million
    • Latin America and Caribbean: 34.3 million
    • US and Europe: 14.7 million
    • Oceania: 1.4 million
  • Children under five are especially affected, with roughly half of deaths caused by poor nutrition (3.1 million each year). Children also suffer from stunted growth, wasting, and excess weight.
  • Agriculture, forestry, and fisheries play a major role in providing nutritious food and generating decent incomes. Investments in these systems and a better use of agricultural biodiversity are essential for more nutritious diets, enhanced livelihoods, and more resilient and sustainable farming systems.
  • Hunger could also be reduced by addressing gender inequality in the farming communities, ensuring equal access to energy resources, and conserving greater amounts of genetic resources from plants and animals.

You can help by supporting local businesses, making sustainable food choices, and avoiding food waste. You can become more active as a consumer and voter, encouraging businesses and governments to make the choices and changes that will make Zero Hunger a reality. You can also join the Zero Hunger Challenge: https://www.un.org/zerohunger/

  1. By 2030, end hunger and ensure access by all people, in particular the poor and people in vulnerable situations, including infants, to safe, nutritious and sufficient food all year round
  2. By 2030, end all forms of malnutrition, including achieving, by 2025, the internationally agreed targets on stunting and wasting in children under 5 years of age, and address the nutritional needs of adolescent girls, pregnant and lactating women and older persons
  3. By 2030, double the agricultural productivity and incomes of small-scale food producers, in particular women, indigenous peoples, family farmers, pastoralists and fishers, including through secure and equal access to land, other productive resources and inputs, knowledge, financial services, markets and opportunities for value addition and non-farm employment
  4. By 2030, ensure sustainable food production systems and implement resilient agricultural practices that increase productivity and production, that help maintain ecosystems, that strengthen capacity for adaptation to climate change, extreme weather, drought, flooding and other disasters and that progressively improve land and soil quality
  5. By 2020, maintain the genetic diversity of seeds, cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and their related wild species, including through soundly managed and diversified seed and plant banks at the national, regional and international levels, and promote access to and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge, as internationally agreed
  6. Increase investment, including through enhanced international cooperation, in rural infrastructure, agricultural research and extension services, technology development and plant and livestock gene banks in order to enhance agricultural productive capacity in developing countries, in particular least developed countries
  7. Correct and prevent trade restrictions and distortions in world agricultural markets, including through the parallel elimination of all forms of agricultural export subsidies and all export measures with equivalent effect, in accordance with the mandate of the Doha Development Round
  8. Adopt measures to ensure the proper functioning of food commodity markets and their derivatives and facilitate timely access to market information, including on food reserves, in order to help limit extreme food price volatility
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•   As a member of society, your active engagement in policy-making ensures that your voice is heard, knowledge is shared, and that critical thinking is encouraged at all ages. Policymakers can help generate job opportunities and fiscal policies that stimulate pro-poor growth and reduce poverty.

•   As a member of the science and academic community, you can help discover sustainable solutions for the challenges of reducing poverty. Thanks to this community, there is now greater access to safe drinking water, reduced deaths caused by water-borne diseases, and improved hygiene to reduce health risks related to unsafe drinking water and lack of sanitation.


You can help create a community of people and participate in the decision-making and implementation processes. Educate yourself about the issues we face as a global family, connect with like-minded people and take action.

Ask questions to your leaders about what they’re doing in regards to food production and distribution. Focus your attention on actionable steps because no step is too small to make a difference. Join our community and help create a better world.